These are all signs of gum recession, and there are several factors that might be the cause of the problem.
Gum DiseaseGum disease is the main cause of gum recession. Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the soft tissues that will destroy the gums and the bone that hold your teeth in their correct position. Gum recession is often the first sign of periodontal disease and should be examined by your dentist.
Your gum recession could be written in your DNA. Some studies have shown that about 30% of the population is predisposed to periodontal disease, regardless of how well you take care of your teeth and your oral hygiene.
SmokingIf you are a smoker, your risk of gum disease and recession are much higher than other people. Regular tobacco use can do a number on your oral health, as cigarettes contain ingredients that irritate oral tissues in the mouth. The result is inflammation, which leads to gum detachment from the tooth surfaces.
HormonesThe fluctuations of certain female hormones can cause the gums to become inflamed and sensitive, and this makes them vulnerable to recession. These hormone fluctuations can occur during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause.
Poor Dental HygieneIf you aren't doing the best job of brushing and flossing, you're making it easy for plaque to turn into tartar. Tartar is a hard substance that will only be removed by a professional dental cleaning. A buildup of tartar on the teeth can lead to gum recession with time if it is not being removed regularly.
This is a good reason to contact our office. and schedule your next dental checkup today.