Periodontal disease is an oral health issue that covers a variety issues that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and the jawbone. Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gum disease, in which bacteria that have once attacked your gums only are now under the gum line, attacking teeth and bone as well.
Signs include red, inflamed gums, gum recession, and loose, or even lost, teeth. Periodontitis can be broken up into several categories. Of those categories, aggressive periodontitis is the least common. So, what do you do when diagnosed with it?
In the case of aggressive periodontitis, damage to the teeth and gums occur much faster. The amount of plaque is inconsistent with the damage seen (less plaque than damage). In some cases, your gums may even appear to still be healthy. Attachment loss occurs at a quicker rate, which leaves you susceptible to tooth loss sooner.
There are two types of aggressive periodontitis, generalized and localized. Generalized aggressive periodontitis affects the attachment of at least three teeth, other than the first molars. Localized aggressive periodontitis causes attachment loss of at least two molars, one of which is the first molar. It also affects no more than two other teeth, other than the first molar.
Get Rid Of The Infection
The first step in treating aggressive periodontitis is to get rid of the infection. Oftentimes, this means scaling and root planing, a deep cleaning of the surfaces of your teeth and their roots. It may also involve treatment of food impaction areas as well as filling cavities. Your dentist may prescribe an antibiotic if deemed necessary. In some cases, these nonsurgical solutions may be enough to stop periodontitis in its tracks.
Surgical procedures help to improve the prognosis of your teeth, as well as repairing your smile. Depending upon your situation, and the extent of the damage, these procedures may include:
• Pocket reduction surgery.
• Gum grafts.
• Bone grafts.
The goal of these surgical procedures is to allow your tissues to heal.
If aggressive periodontitis has caused tooth loss, those teeth can be replaced. One of the most popular options, among dentists and patients, is dental implants, as they provide a permanent solution that helps to maintain the integrity of your jawbone. However, you must first have sufficient jawbone (a bone graft can help restore the necessary mass). You and your dentist will be able to discuss your options.
Brushing and flossing regularly are important factors in preventing gum disease from occurring in the first place. Should you notice something is off, and suspect you might be suffering from any form of periodontal disease, contact our office immediately.