Bleeding gums are one of the most common types of gum disease. It can also cause a lot of discomfort for the person. The presence of bleeding gums also indicates other health problems. If left untreated or ignored, bleeding gums can weaken the gums, cause tooth loss, etc. Aging is also one of the factors behind bleeding gums. Occasional bleeding could happen because of vigorous brushing or flossing. It also happens when the dentures cannot fit correctly within the mouth. But if the bleeding gums symptoms are frequent, it could indicate periodontitis, vitamin deficiency, leukemia, etc.
Causes Of Bleeding Gums
There are various causes of bleeding gums and treatment also varies depending on the causes.
- Gingivitis is the primary cause of bleeding gums. It happens when plaque that is caused due to excessive accumulation of bacteria stays on for a long time along the gum lines. Plaque can be kept at bay if the person brushes and flosses properly. However, improper oral hygiene may lead to gingivitis. Some symptoms include soreness in the mouth and the area around the gums, bleeding gums, etc.
- Periodontitis is an advanced form of gingivitis. Symptoms include bleeding gums, infection in the gums, and infection of the supportive tissues and jaw, followed by teeth loosening or falling out.
- Vitamin C and Vitamin K deficiency can also cause the gums to bleed. A nutrient-rich diet ensures that you get the needed vitamins to stay healthy.
- Those who smoke frequently often have tartar in their teeth and gums compared to those who do not smoke. Similarly, the presence of tobacco can also have harmful effects on the tissue itself. If left untreated, it could lead to the formation of bleeding gums.
- Hormones can also play a crucial role in the development of bleeding gums. It happens when high levels of certain hormones increase the fluids within the gum tissues. It makes the gums red, swollen, and tender. If left untreated, bleeding gums may occur.
- Autoimmune disorders can also lead to bleeding gums. An autoimmune disorder is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks its cells, thus damaging the tissues.
- Over-the-counter medications, such as antidepressants, nasal sprays, oral contraceptives, etc., can also cause bleeding gums. You should check with your periodontist before buying over-the-counter medications.
Other Causes Of Bleeding Gums
Those who wear dentures have also been reported to have experienced bleeding gums. It usually happens when the dentures begin to fit too tightly. You should immediately visit a periodontist if you think any of the oral appliances are causing the gums to bleed. The periodontist may take new teeth impressions to create a better-fitting mouthpiece or any other oral appliance if the problem is with the dentures. Hormonal changes that take place at the time of pregnancy can also cause bleeding of the gums. The periodontist will also check for bleeding disorders such as leukemia and hemophilia.
Treatment Of Bleeding Gums
There are various ways in which bleeding gums can be treated.
- Maintain proper dental hygiene.
- Undergo professional dental cleaning twice a year by visiting a periodontist.
- Rinsing with warm salt water helps reduce swelling in the gums that bleed easily.
- The periodontist may recommend antiseptic mouthwash to minimize plaque formation within the mouth.
- Use a soft toothbrush instead of medium and stiff bristles, which will be gentle on the bleeding gums.
Bleeding gums should be addressed if it is frequently happening. The periodontist may take X-rays to have an in-depth overview of the teeth and gums. Please schedule an appointment with the periodontist to determine whether it is due to any underlying dental condition, such as periodontitis or gingivitis.